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Herod Philip

 

Pronunciation:  HAYR-ruhd + FIHL-ihp

Occurrences:  9

First Reference:  Yeshua 7:72

 

But Yeshua, knowing these things, went unto the city of Bethsaida in the kingdom of Philip the brother of Herod Antipas, and there rested a little while.

 

 

See:  Herod Antipas, Herod the Great, Caesarea Philippi

 

Summary:  Son of Herod the Great, and half-brother to Herod Antipas and Herod Archelaus, Herod Philip (known as Philip the Tetrarch) inherited the northeast territory of his father’s kingdom, which included the divisions of Batanea, Trachonitis, Auranitis, and Panias (Y:20:46). According to scripture, Philip was a good man held in high regard by the population over which he governed (Y:20:47).

 

During the second year of his ministry, Yeshua traveled to Caesarea Philippi to teach and heal the people (Y:20:1). One day, as Yeshua was resting in the marketplace, the king — disguised as a merchant — approached Yeshua, hoping to receive wisdom from the Master without revealing his identity. The king was bewildered when Yeshua promptly identified him, claiming he’d been waiting for Philip all along (Y:20:40-45). Knowing he was close to death, Philip sought counsel from Yeshua, as he feared passing away unto God (Y:20:46-71).

 

 

Azrael’s Commentary - Herod Antipas

 

Brother of Herod Philip and Herod Archelaus, and the son and successor of Herod the Great, Herod Antipas was the tetrarch (king) of Galilee and Perea. He ruled up to 39 CE, when he was banished to the south of France under the orders of Caligula, the Emperor of Rome.

 

Herod Antipas was a cruel man often given to debauchery. He was forever trying to upstage or embarrass his brother Philip. Antipas seduced the wife of Philip (her name was Herodias), causing her to abandon her husband and move into the court of Antipas. This behavior was publicly opposed and rebuked by John the Baptizer. In a fit of rage, Herod Antipas ordered John’s arrest and eventually gave the order that cost John his life. Yeshua always avoided Antipas and publicly refused to even speak with him.

 

Herod Antipas died in a drunken stupor at a feast which he had given. He awoke late at his party to find his guests asleep from too much wine and food. Antipas got up to relieve himself and stumbled into a bathing pool where he drowned. At his funeral, there was not even one mourner at the graveside.

 

 

Notes/References:

 

And the man which was come as a stranger unto Yeshua, let down the covering from off his head; and behold, there sat before the Lord, Herod Philip, tetrarch of all Batanea, Trachonitis, Auranitis, and Panias.

Now Herod Philip was a good man which desired to rule wisely over the people, and all those which were of Caesarea Philippi had regard for him; for between the Jews and the Gentiles had he established the rule of peace.

But Philip was without any child to succeed him and he oftentimes grew weak of heart because of fever, and many feared for him lest he die and Herod Antipas lay claim before Caesar against all the land.

Yeshua 20:46-48

 

 

Herod Archelaus
Herod the Great
Palestine after Herod-MAP

The Division of Herod's Kingdom:

 

        Tetrarchy (Judea) under Herod Archelaus

        Territory under Herod Antipas

        Territory under Herod Philip

        Salome I (cities of Jabneh, Azotas, Phaesalis)

        Roman province of Syria

        Autonomous cities (Decapolis)