Now Adam dwelt for a season in the land between the great rivers, even the Tigris
and Euphrates, and he walked among the children of men eastward in Eden. And when
he saw that the land was good, he planted a garden there.
Summary: Scripture often refers to the “land between the two great rivers” — referring
to the region of Mesopotamia and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Located west of
the Tigris river, the Euphrates is the longest river of western Asia, flowing south
from eastern Turkey through Syria and Iraq, to join the Tigris and empty into the
Persian Gulf. Mesopotamia became one of the earth’s cradles of civilization. According
to scripture, Cain established the first city of Sumer along the banks of the Euphrates
river (B:4:25). Mesopotamia eventually hosted the emergence of the first Sumerian
• Various tribes of the Enoshahim established camps along the Nile, as well as the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers (6:5:40-41, 44).
• Adam established a garden (Eden) east of the concourse of the Tigris and Euphrates
rivers (B:1:6; E:13:20).
• Wine created by the vintners of Zion (established near Sumer by the Euphrates river)
was in such great demand that merchants from across the land, beyond the Tigris,
would come to purchase it (B:10:30).
• The prophet Enoch and his son Methuselah extended missionary efforts throughout
the ‘land of the two great rivers’ seeking out the righteous (B:13:40; B:14:59).
• Shem, the oldest son of Noah, led an expedition from Mount Ararat to the ‘land
of the two great rivers’ (B:23:5-11).
• Abraham and Sarah followed the Euphrates river north on their journey from the
city of Babel to the land of Haran (B:26:69).
For already had many clans fled eastward, to leave behind the lands of the Nile;
hoping that in their wandering they might find another land where the Enoshahim did
not dwell; causing that there should enter into Mesopotamia the many clans of the
screelings, to camp themselves beside the Tigris and Euphrates.
But soon again there fell upon them another tribe of the Enoshahim, which very tribe
the sons and daughters of Shaemdiel had themselves established along the banks of
the Tigris and Euphrates; being in their laws and customs similar to the Enoshahim
which dwelt along the Nile.